Encapsulation in C#

Encapsulation is the ability of an object oriented language (C# in this context) to hide unnecessary implementation details from the object user. Encapsulation makes coding simpler and helps to preserve data integrity.

According to the concept of encapsulation, an object’s internal data should not be directly accessible from an object instance. Members of a class that represent an object’s state should not be marked as public. The state of an object should only be altered indirectly by using public members. C# prefers properties to encapsulate data. Ex.

class ABC
// private data members
private int roll;
private int class;
private string name;

// public properties
public int Roll
get { return roll; }
set { roll = value; }
public int Class
get { return class; }
set { class = value; }
public string Name
get { return name; }
set { name = value; }

// constructor
public ABC()
// values are assigned to data members via properties
Roll = 10;
Class = 9;
Name = “Rajveer Raj Banti”;

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